Substance abuse is a mental health epidemic that affects an estimated 23 million Americans. Although substance abuse and drug addiction were once considered purely behavioral problems, scientific research is starting to change that perception within the medical community. Addiction is considered a mental disorder, and in some cases, even a brain disease because illicit substances can alter the way the brain works even while sober.
The signs of a substance abuse problem or addiction may vary depending on the particular drug, but dependence on any drug has some common signs.
If you or someone you love is struggling with their sobriety, call the professionals at Alcohol Treatment Centers Chicago at (312) 445-8817.
Alcohol is one of the most commonly abused substances in the country, likely because it is legal and easy to obtain. Substance abuse is considered a problem that interferes with your daily life and negatively impacts your health, and many consumers of alcohol experience this even though they are not addicted. Alcohol abuse, however, can very easily lead to alcohol addiction if the problem is not addressed. Some symptoms that an alcohol abuse problem has become an addiction include:
National overdose rates for heroin have risen swiftly since the millenium, from around 2,000 in 2001 to over 8,000 in 2013, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Heroin abuse statistics also show a gradual shift in demographics to include more white males who live in suburban areas. Withdrawal symptoms from heroin are often severe, including muscle and abdominal cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, increased heart rate and rapid breathing, and even death.
Unlike heroin, which is an opiate, cocaine is a stimulant that creates bursts of energy and suppresses the appetite. This often leads to a lack of sleep and a poor diet, and malnutrition is fairly common among cocaine addicts. Withdrawal symptoms include depression, exhaustion, anxiety, body pain, shaking, and inability to concentrate.
Marijuana is not physically very addictive, but it is one of the most commonly abused substances in the country, and even legal in some states. It is also the only drug with no reported cases of death by overdose. However, marijuana abuse can become problematic over time. It can cause a lack of focus, energy, concentration, and motivation that can last long after the high is over.
Marijuana abusers often have trouble staying employed, and eat a poor diet as the marijuana often causes cravings for junk food. Withdrawal symptoms are fairly mild, however, and may include difficulty sleeping, lack of appetite, anxiety, and irritability.
There is help available at Alcohol Treatment Centers Chicago. If you or someone you love needs professional assistance and a comprehensive drug treatment program, our addiction specialists can help. Call us today at (312) 445-8817 for assistance.